Having schemed his way to the position of Lord Protector during the reign of young Edward VI, Northumberland spied an opportunity to increase his power base when the young king fell ill with no signs of recovering, and it extended slightly further than sending Mary Tudor a fruit basket.
Aware that his power would have been severely curtailed if the Catholic princess Mary succeeded to the throne, the fervent Protestant Northumberland executed a coup to place Jane Grey on the throne.
The coup was short lived lasting only nine days in fact though Jane Grey is still included as a monarch of Britain despite her brief tenure. Jane was born in Octoberthe same year as her royal cousin Edward VI, but despite their similar ages, they had little relationship growing up.
Yet, they too would remain seemingly indifferent to each other. Their closeness in age, blood relationship and the fact that were living and being educated together should have created at least a passing friendship but neither girl seemed to have shown any affection towards each other, save for the obligatory Christmas gift.
Though her husband, Thomas Seymour, initially intended to keep her household together, that notion ended pretty quickly along with his life, when he was executed for treason. She was still living at home when Edward began to show signs of ill-health in Although genial towards the Princess Mary, her refusal to embrace religious change and her strict adherence to the Catholic faith of her mother had brought her into repeated argument with the throne.
Therefore, he decided, Family tree of lady jane grey the not so fine print in the Act of Succession, Family tree of lady jane grey would not inherit. While it would have been preferable to place Elizabeth the Protestant princess on the throne, politically and legally it would have been a great deal harder to disinherit one sister for the other, than to simply disinherit both in favour of a new claimant.
The fact that Edward VI already approved of her succession was really just the icing on top of a Jane Grey shaped cake. By this time Edward had already drafted his own device for the succession, excluding his sisters without their knowledge and conferring the throne upon Jane, also without her knowledge. Although not counted as one of her nine days, it was on this day that Jane was informed that she was now Queen.
There she was surprised to find Northumberland as well as numerous Earls and nobles. So much so, that she protested her inadequacies and fell to the ground, half-fainting, half-weeping. No doubt Northumberland had pre-empted the scene and had hoped she would recover sufficiently to face the public the following day. Jane and Guildford the latter particularly well turned-out were taken by river to the Tower of London in full royal state, much to the confusion of the common folk who had expected a more Mary Tudor-esque queen to succeed Edward.
As Jane was escorted to the Tower, messengers went into the streets proclaiming her as queen to an indifferent public. The latter claimed she would destabilise the church Henry VIII had established when casting off the shackles of Rome, but happened to leave out that the nobility had gotten quite rich after absorbing church lands into their own estates, lands they would have to give back if say — a Catholic queen returned the country to papal authority.
Mary, meanwhile, was not idle. In a moment of uncharacteristically-decisive action, Mary declared that her and a handful of her household would ride ahead to London, but instead they made for her Norfolk home in Kenninghall. The intent was no doubt to throw off any spies Northumberland had in her household while also surrounding herself with those she trusted implicitly.
Had she actually gone to London, she "Family tree of lady jane grey" most certainly have been arrested by Northumberland. They denounced her claim on account of her illegitimacy, praised the virtues of Queen Jane and informed her of their own expectations that she surrender herself immediately.
During this exchange of mail, Jane was in the Tower already signing paperwork for her coronation.
When he offered her a crown however, she visibly recoiled, once again protesting her unworthiness to wear such a thing. In an attempt to soothe her, Winchester told her that it would look wonderful when her husband had one made up to match. Soothe her it did not, and instead Jane hit the proverbial roof, declaring that while she might create her husband a duke as befitting his position, she would never make him king.
She finished her rather heated tirade by stating that it was not within her power anyway, and that Parliament would have to consent first. Guildford and his mother both demanded she relent and Jane, demonstrating that she was every bit a Tudor, refused point blank. There are two generally-accepted theories why Jane should fire up on this point; the first being that her dislike for her husband was well known and probably mutualgiven that she had no wish to marry him in the first place and had to be supposedly literally beaten into submission to do so.
She and Guildford attempted to leave the Tower. However, Jane summoned the Earls of Family tree of lady jane grey and Pembroke and commanded them to prevent this. While she might not have liked him, he was her husband and Jane, apparently, felt strongly that they should be seen publicly as a supportive couple.
Either that or she simply enjoyed taking the Dudleys down a notch. Unlike the eventful Monday, Tuesday would prove to be a relatively slow news day.
While they might not have expected her to be happy about the situation, Northumberland was quietly confident that she would have neither the military resources, nor the necessary support required to mount a solid resistance. They were, in fact, news Family tree of lady jane grey many influential families had come out in support of Mary, including, most notably, the Earls of Bath and Sussex.
Worse still was the news that they were not just publicly declaring their support, but actually marching their forces to join her at Norfolk.
We can presume this to be the very moment when the Privy Council realised that they may have made a slight miscalculation in the vehemence of their support Family tree of lady jane grey Jane. There were numerous reasons why Mary was able to garner so much support, not all of which were anything to do with her.
While Northumberland might have thought that the nobles had preferred their increased wealth under Protestant measures he had not counted on the number of people who had never truly converted from Catholicism. If he had managed to arrest Mary all of these points would not have mattered, but seeing as he failed and Mary was able to establish a base from which to resist, he now faced opposition he had genuinely not expected to encounter. When Jane declared that her father should not command the army, members of the Council jumped on the opportunity, suggesting very loudly and very publicly that Northumberland himself should lead the army, what with his amazing leadership qualities and military experience.
If he accepted, he would save face, but the moment he left the capital the Council would no doubt extend overtures to Mary. To refuse would risk his personal reputation and require him to place someone else in charge of his forces, someone who might well defect anyway.
The Privy Council summoned their forces, though their support
Family tree of lady jane grey together far slower than they might have expected. Some had already declared for Mary, some were no doubt playing a waiting game and refusing to commit to either side, while some would simply have been caught off guard at having to muster their forces with no prior warning or notice. He dispatched a cousin to France to barter away Calais and Ireland in exchange for military aid, assuming that France would want Ireland over a Spanish Princess.
Or would want Ireland at all.
Before visiting the Tower to take his leave of the Queen, Northumberland made an impassioned speech Family tree of lady jane grey the councillors, stressing that they had sworn loyalty to the cause of Queen Jane and reminding them that he expected them to remain steadfast in supporting him.
His speech and their oaths did indeed have some effect on the councillors, who remained tacitly loyal for a further three days, before they sold him out entirely. Northumberland marched from London to Cambridge with 1, men at his disposal and a smattering of artillery.
Meanwhile, Mary departed from Kenninghall in Norfolk, heading for the easily fortified Framlingham in Mary garnered more and more support with every passing hour. Despite this, she had the foresight to request military aid from Spain who were far, far more likely to agree without the necessity of promising a part of the kingdom.
Disaster strikes for Northumberland. He was still marching North to Cambridge, but by now towns and even entire counties were openly declaring for Mary. When Northumberland arrived in Newmarket, the reinforcements the council had promised were noticeably absent.
In London, the Council and probably Jane herself had been keeping themselves abreast of the news of their campaign. News that it was not going as successfully as they might have liked prompted a few defections within the household.
In response to this, Jane ordered the gates of the Tower closed and had the keys delivered to her personally, in the hopes of preventing further defections. A dozen members of the Privy Council including five Earls all excuse themselves, under the pretence of visiting the French ambassador. An Family tree of lady jane grey meeting was held in secret wherein the above members met with the Spanish representatives the meeting with the French ambassador a lie?
She needed them, however unpalatable that might have been, and had to work with them.
She would have to accept their claims that Northumberland was the only one among them who had truly not wanted the Catholic Queen restored.
To this end, they drew up a proclamation against Northumberland, authorising his arrest and offering substantial rewards to the man who managed it. The Privy Council publicly confirmed the results of their meeting the day before, and declared Mary Queen to a jubilant public. The Duke of Suffolk and "Family tree of lady jane grey" now disarmed men left the Tower of London. She herself remained in the Tower with nowhere to go knowing that she would most certainly be arrested.
Her father declared for Queen Mary nearby, on Tower Hill, and although returned home, he was arrested soon after. Surprising everyone, Mary promised Frances that her family was safe and the Duke of Suffolk was immediately released after just a few days of arrest. Jane, however, remained in the Tower, eventually moved out of the royal apartments and into a more suitable suite for a prisoner.
Her husband, along with numerous members of the Dudley family were also imprisoned there. Northumberland was still in Cambridge awaiting reinforcements when a letter from the Council arrived for him. In it, they informed him that they had proclaimed Mary as Queen, Family tree of lady jane grey that he was to surrender his army and await arrest.
The French ambassador wrote that he was in disbelief at how quickly and severely men had turned against Northumberland, claiming that such changes must have come from God, as he had never seen anything like it. On the 3 rd of August, Mary rode into London followed by a train of nobles and Elizabeth who had very suddenly recovered from the illness that had prevented her from participating in previous eventsto a positively ecstatic public. Indeed, as he was but a member of the Council he could not command them to do anything, and it they who commanded him.
At "Family tree of lady jane grey" point, he drew attention to how most of the jury was as guilty in the coup as he was. Everyone involved was well aware of the situation, and Northumberland would surely have known beyond doubt that he would be found guilty, and so he begged mercy to be extended to his family.
He was to be beheaded on the 21 st August. The 21 sthowever, came and went without an execution. Northumberland, the Lord Protector of Edward VI, the Protestant prince, the man who had pushed through numerous Protestant reforms and who had successfully placed a Protestant Queen on the throne albeit briefly now declared that he had seen the error of his ways and that he was a good Catholic. His execution was delayed for a day while he converted. A pamphlet of his conversion and his own words denouncing the Protestant reforms were distributed even abroaddemonstrating how right it was that the country return to papal rule.
His conversion was not enough to save him, naturally, and he was executed the following morning after a brief speech where he once again pointed out that he had only done what the Council had agreed to. Jane had of course written to Mary apologising for her part in events, claiming that she had no intention of ever coming between her and the throne and begging forgiveness. Forgiveness which Mary had already declared she would freely offer.
In December, Jane and the Dudleys were allowed some greater freedoms. They could wander the gardens with greater ease and Jane and Guildford were allowed to spend more time together.
Whether either of them actually enjoyed this is another matter. They would probably have been pardoned and released eventually, but in the following January, the famous Wyatt rebellion broke out. The Privy Council, in a reactionary move, declared that Mary had no choice but to execute Jane and Guildford, in case future rebellions attempted to restore her.
Mary reluctantly had no choice but to acquiesce. Jane and Guildford were supposed to be executed on the 9 th February However, this was delayed when Mary had the idea of converting Jane to Catholicism. So much so that he accompanied her to the scaffold when the time inevitably came. Find out about Lady Jane Grey's family tree, family history, ancestry, ancestors, genealogy, relationships and affairs! Right here at FameChain.
Discover the family tree of Jane Grey for free, and learn about their family history Catherine Grey, Lady Married about NovemberWestminster.
Key facts about Lady Jane Grey who was born October 15,including biography, historical timeline and links to the British royal family tree.